agriculture

agriculture ag‧ri‧cul‧ture [ˈægrɪˌkʌltʆə ǁ -ər] noun [uncountable]
FARMING the practice or science of farming:

• Agriculture accounts for over 25% of net domestic production.

— agricultural adjective :

• sales of agricultural machinery

exˌtensive ˈagriculture
FARMING farming of large areas, usually with low production for each unit of land farmed, usually without using chemicals:

• Most of the farms in Estonia are concentrated in regions with extensive agriculture.

inˌtensive ˈagriculture
FARMING farming of smaller areas, usually with higher production for each unit of land farmed, often involving the use of chemicals:

• A farm using intensive agriculture will require less land than an extensive agriculture farm to produce a similar profit.

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agriculture UK US /ˈægrɪkʌltʃər/ noun [U] COMMERCE
the business, science, or activity of farming: »

Recent floods have devastated the state’s agriculture, with sharp declines in its production of corn, soy, and wheat crops.

»

Over the past ten years the area’s labour force has shifted from agriculture to manufacturing.

See also EXTENSIVE AGRICULTURE(Cf. ↑extensive agriculture), INTENSIVE AGRICULTURE(Cf. ↑intensive agriculture)

Financial and business terms. 2012.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • AGRICULTURE — Étymologiquement, agriculture signifie «culture des champs», le mot culture devant être pris dans le sens de «mise en condition». Il désigne, par extension, la production des biens et les conditions de vie en milieu rural: la culture du blé, de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Agriculture —    Agriculture has been one of the most important means of subsistence since prehistoric times. During the Middle Ages, agriculture was mainly organized by large landowners, including monasteries, or by colonists who turned wastelands into… …   Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands

  • agriculture — AGRICULTURE. s. fém. L art de cultiver la terre. Cet homme aime l agriculture, entend bien l agriculture. Traité d agriculture …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • Agriculture —    Agriculture (most often associated with the kibbutz) has occupied a position of prominence in Israel and in Zionist ideology greater than its economic contribution has warranted. Its central place in Zionist ideology, dominant role in the… …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • Agriculture — Ag ri*cul ture (?; 135), n. [L. agricultura; ager field + cultura cultivation: cf. F. agriculture. See {Acre} and {Culture}.] The art or science of cultivating the ground, including the harvesting of crops, and the rearing and management of live… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • AGRICULTURE —    Agriculture formed the basis of the Mesopotamian economy. The first steps toward a managed production of cereals were taken as early as the 10th millennium B.C. in Syria, in the area known as the Fertile Crescent, which receives sufficient… …   Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia

  • agriculture — AGRICULTURE: Une des mamelles de l État (l État est du genre masculin, mais ça ne fait rien). On devrait l encourager. Manque de bras …   Dictionnaire des idées reçues

  • agriculture — agriculture, sociology of See rural sociology …   Dictionary of sociology

  • agriculture — (n.) mid 15c., from L.L. agricultura cultivation of the land, compound of agri cultura cultivation of land, from agri, gen. of ager a field (see ACRE (Cf. acre)) + cultura cultivation (see CULTURE (Cf. culture)). In Old English, the idea was… …   Etymology dictionary

  • agriculture — *agrarian …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

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